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Myanmar new generation to boost tourism industry

Myanmar new generation to boost tourism industry

Ei Thandar Aung, Tourism student of National Management Degree College

Have you ever thought about the boosting of Myanmar tourism industry?
With Myanmar’s changing politics, new specialization fields are increasing popularity and tourism management is among them. Tourist numbers are relatively rising than the past years and the hotel and tourism industry becomes developed expeditiously. The industry needs smart people and to put them at the right place most importantly. Putting the right people at the right place will develop every business at the high speed.
Why we tourism management students do find it hard to get into the right place?
Hospitality and tourism management courses are delivered by skilled professors from international organizations, successful business people currently working in tourism field and quality lecturers in National Management Degree College. Bachelor of Arts in Hospitality and tourism management will be awarded to the students who have successfully accomplished the four year study and six month internship. This is the fact that makes the students fully qualified both in theory and in practice and be at the standard of international.

NMDC tourism management student during her internship at Zigway, Social Enterprise, 2017
The students have to learn not only the basic subjects like history and geography also the major subjects like English for tourism, tourism and hospitality management, consumers behavior, service and event management and the additional subjects like tourism law, statistics and ICT. Besides, the college offers the students the first aid courses in collaboration with Myanmar Red Cross Association yearly.
Students get lectured by the teachers who have experiences not only in tourism and hospitality academic field, but also in industry. Class tasks and group projects are more emphasized than the on-paper exams; students can apply everything they have learnt to real life work and have people-skills, self-management skills and the ability to work in team well. Besides, most of the students are multilingual.
Without by force of the college, working in the international programs like AIESEC and TED talks and participating in the youth camps like YSEALI, SSEAYP and IDFC on their own initiative has become a culture among the tourism management students.
But why are these students still struggling to get an internship? Does the industry not need multi-skilled management students or does it just want the vocationally trained people? With the aim of long term benefits, every hotel and tourism agency under the Ministry of Hotel and Tourism should help improve the tourism management students who will bring about substantial progress to the Myanmar tourism sector in future.


Amazing arts of carving at the eastern bank of Ayeyarwaddy River

Amazing arts of carving at the eastern bank of Ayeyarwaddy River

Khine Htet Htet Htun, Hsu Pyae Sone, Tourism students of National Management Degree College

We have many places in Myanmar that deserve more attention of local visitors and tourists. One of spectacular places to visit is eastern bank of Ayeyarwaddy River with arts of carving of Buddha’s statues. Akauk Taung Pagoda is located at the western bank of Pyay and from Pyay to Htone Bo village where Buddha’s statues situated is one hour and 15 minutes’ drive, till to jetty. There are more than 300 Buddha images that are best seen by boat. Pyay also known as Prome is principle in Bago Division in Myanmar.

Across Ayeyarwaddy River on the western bank near Htone-Bo, there is a place of attraction called Akauktaung. The mountain was named for the crafty tool-takers from the mid-19th century. It is called as one of the world heritage of Myanmar and the spectacular of countless Buddha Images on the wall of Ayeyarwaddy River bank. Most of the local pilgrimage pay a special visit to Akauk Taung Pagoda on holidays in summer and winter. This area is known as Akauk Taung which means “Custom Hill” after the second Anglo Burmese War in 1853. Akauk Taung became the border between Upper Burma, which belonged to the Myanmar King, and Lower Myanmar belonging to the English.

At Akauk Taung Pagoda you can observe the arts of Myanmar crafting the statue of Buddha Images and pay homage to various forms of “ Mudra” which means appearance and gesture of Lord Buddha. There are some limestone caves on the Htone Bo mountain Ranges. The explorers can easily go to there from Yangon. To reach this site you may go from AungMingalar Highway Terminal in Yangon to Htone Bo village. Despite it takes about 8 hours to get there it is worth to visit. At Htone Bo Riverside, you can hire a boat to go to Akauk Taung. If you are an adventure seeker, you can hire one way boat and then explore the area nearby by walking. The 20 minutes boat ride will take to a hill side where many ancient Buddha sculptures were carved out from the stone cliff wall.

At the foothill, you can see about 330 Buddha statues. Some it seems build-up and plastered rather than carved out. Although not all are great pieces of art, it is amazing how ancient people were able to reach the cliff along the river to carve out the figurines. You should go on a trek up the hill where you can see more Buddha sculptures. You must also need a pair of binoculars to see the beautiful things. At the top of the mountain, you can get a spectacular view of the great Ayeyarwady River. In the evening, you can see the beautiful sunset view.


Reminiscence of Kanaung

Reminiscence of Kanaung

Thant Thaw Kaung, Kyaw Ye Aung, Su Pyae Sandi

Myanmar has been ruled by several kings with greatest achievements. But the kings are not the only ones who did the greatest in the history. There was a prince who was so brave and wise that he lifted the injured country over his shoulders and made it change a stronger one. He was the prince Kanaung, the president and guardian of the ancient Myanmar. In Konbaung period (19th century) when the country was in a serious situation losing wars and unity, he redirected the country to the right way and rehabilitated it.

The Prince established lots of weapon factories and manufactured the rifles and guns (e.g. “Va” guns) as national defence was his goal. One of the Prince’s greatest achievements was the invention of naval mines and he could use them successfully in Aung Pinle Lake. He also built 50 other factories and many professionals were appointed. He created telemessage in Myanmar Language and opened a lot of telegraph-poles and offices. Along Myanmar history, citizens had had the highest living standard during his age.

There are places which can recall the memory of the prince. The followings are the most distinct and remaining places where the prince left his remarkable impact for the country’s development and where we can go and observe.

Coinage Factory

In the north east side of the grave of the King Mindon in ‘Mya Nan San Kyaw’ Palace in Mandalay, Kanaung Prince built this Coinage Factory and started producing royal coins in 1865. The rest of the factory is remaining the same except some damages during World War 2. We can definitely enjoy the art of the Yadanarpone Dynasty there.

Weapon Factories

One is located in Sagaing city near the former railway station of Sagaing. There, we can enjoy and indulge the image of Kanaung Prince. Another one is “Diarmikin” Weapon Factory in Mandalay City but it has been turned into Wine Factory during British Colonization.

The Citadels

Inwa citadel and Min Hla citadel built by the Kanaung Prince for national defence are full of great memories recalling him.Everyone who is interested in history and archaeology should visit and learn his visions and ideas of construction and defence strategy.

The Supreme Court (Hluttaw)

It is situated in ‘Mya Nan San Kyaw’ Palace in Mandalay. This was the place where Kanaung Prince was killed by the assassins. The building is made of teak and the bottom of it is painted in red colour, but the upper part is gilded. The most splendid craft in Hluttaw is the ‘Siha Sana’ Throne. On the left side of this throne was the place of Kanaung Prince. Architecture lovers will be the perfect match for this destination.

By visiting these places, we can remember the story of Kanaung. Moreover, we can also study interesting history, handicrafts and architectures which can give us the taste of the past and that’s why we would like to invite everyone to come and visit these memorable places.


Exploring Hidden Ethnic In Myanmar

Exploring Hidden Ethnic In Myanmar

Aye Myat May

We are doing article assignment for Consumer Behavior Subject by Prof.Ausrine Armaite. We want to discuss about some sensitive things that we want to disclose one of the undiscovered ethnics in Myanmar, the Salone.

There are four major ethnic groups in Myanmar: Pyu, Mon, Burma and Thet. Salone includes in Thet. Salones or Moken are Austronesian people of the Mergui Archipelago. They use their hand-built boats (Kabang) both for accommodation and transportation. They dive for pearls, speare fishing and do everything relating with water. They can live in the sea without oxygen for about at most 1 hour. They learn to swim before they walk. That’s why they are known as “Sea Gypsies” or “Men Of Sea“.

By the experience of a visitor, 10 years old Salone boy dived into the sea depth about 15 feet. And he came back to the boat with a shark about 2 feet, not even last 10 minutes. Even in the worst weather conditions, they are able to go back to the islands. After giving a birth, the babies are dipped into water for 2 seconds and then are salvaged. Their parents done like this for about thrice because they want them to expert at swimming.

Salone population has fallen to fewer than 1000 with the erosion of their tradition way of living. Burmese and Thailand Government have conflicts about assimilating people into their own cultures. In some neighbouring countries, Salones’ ancestral lands are grabbed by the developers. They have historically neglected for the official ownership registration due to the legal protocol.

Once restricted area become alive as part of tourism promotion area by the acquaintance of exotic people. Tourists can learn how to speare fish, row the traditional hand-built boats and Salones’ lifestyle. Now, Ministry of Hotel and Tourism is planning to develop Salone villages as Community-based Tourism(CBT). The Minister is trying to maintain their original way of life by the sea and to conserve their traditional culture. Such projects have already been completed in our country. Salone (CBT) is one of the priority projects to be implemented .This project will take place in Ma Kyone Galet Salone Village in Kawthaung also known as a sea gypsy village.

We want to suggest that Government should provide effective awareness about education, healthcare and for the protection of Salone’s rights. Government should implement the projects to prevent Salones from going extinct and should find the ways to benefit for both local Salones and cultural explorers.

Their houseboats are removed by the threats of coastal predators. Also they don’t have any knowledge about their health and rights. Thus they become abandon people. Under the current conditions, they need awareness and help.




Khine Nwe Tun, Shwe Pyo Oo, Nang Emerald Han Tun

Chin Sate is the second poorest and least developed state in Myanmar but rich in the beauty of its mountain landscape and the vibrant cultures of its indigenous people. The problem is the local people don’t preserve such a glorious state and we will discuss and find solutions in this article.

.The Chin local organization state that one of the significant signs of Chin, Rhododendron which are grown in Tedain on Kanaydi mountains, are being cut off by local people. It seems that these flowers, rhododendrons are used to decorate for Christmas tree as they are being cut off before the Christmas Eve. This can cause damage to its own natural scenery. Local organization has hung some notice board along the road or near the tree to protect the trees from being cut off.

In Chin State, most of the houses use wood for cooking and keeping themselves warm. Because wood is used as primary fuel, many trees are being cut off, which leads to deforestation. Then which products should we use instead of wood? For electricity, only two districts, Tedim and Falam, get an alternating 48 hour time slots with and without power. So, it’s difficult to use electric heater. Therefore, they have to use solar energy as substitute. But the solar energy is sufficient only for the light. And it’s difficult to charge due to the frequent cloudy and misty weather of the mountains. To be able to distribute electricity is the main issue. But wood and solar energy still have to be used alternatively until electricity is fully distributed.

Chin State is popular for its sightseeing and hiking. A lot of tourists come to Chin to do such activities. That’s why Chin can attract not only local people but also foreign tourists. Most of the tourists don’t keep their rubbish. They throw their rubbish on their way. These rubbish especially plastic rubbish can harm the environment very badly.

To avoid the above problems, we considered some solutions. For cutting of the Rhododendron, government should set necessary rugulations to protect from cutting trees and define more protected areas. The reason why cutting the firewood is because of  having insufficient electricity. Therefore, we should focus on the electrification of Chin State and necessary places should be electrified in an initial state all over the state. After that, we should supply some amount of electricity.  For rubbish problem, we should set a large amount of fine to those who throw rubbish. Government should also allocate the cultivation area to avoid terrace plantation. The most important solution is educating people, both residents and tourists. We should educate the consequence of cutting off the trees, deforestation, weather changes. We should also promote ecotourism and environmentally friendly tourism. For example, tourists whoever come to Chin State must plant at least one tree or rhododendron.  In order to implement that, nurseries are kept to grow plants by tourists on the way of hiking. So that tourists are easy to get trees and plant easily. By doing this, environmentally friendly tourism will develop in Chin State.